We see light all around us and we are so accustomed to seeing it every day. Perhaps, you might already know that light contains waves like sound though it’s received by our eyes instead of ears. In fact, light can also create some amount of mood for a particular art form. We’re going to talk about stage lighting, lighting artists, and lighting equipment in this article. So, how does stage lighting affect the performance? How important is a lighting designer for a concert or theatre?
You might want the audience to see some things or characters on the stage clearly. On the other hand, you might want to hide some other things for sometime before revealing them. This is exactly where this concept comes into use. In short, selective visibility implies that you can make selected portions visible by using appropriate lighting methods.
Getting the audience’s focus
In concerts as well as plays or dramas, you need to get the audience’s attention on some particular elements on the stage. A lighting designer understands the concept of the song or play and tries to illuminate the stage in the right way. This enables the crowd to follow the story or concept.
Creating the mood
Also, stage lighting creates and shifts moods using light effects according to the story. For instance, imagine a setting where the singer sings a sad ballad about his childhood. A good lighting designer uses the apt lighting equipment and the right shades of light to add to the audience’s emotions. In fact, a talented designer can create wonders!
And, of course, stage lighting can be used just for adding effects. Pop and rock concerts combine different effects like lasers and colors to create magic. Also, you can create different visual illusions using light.
Now, a lighting designer knows the various equipment and instruments that are used to create stage lighting. In fact, the lighting designer studies the concept and works with the director of the program to paint the stage using light effects according to the scene or story.
Today, there are many lighting instruments available and each has its own purposes. Here are some of them
The Ellipsoidal Reflector Spotlight or ERS uses a relatively narrow beam to highlight certain elements on the stage. In addition to this, you can use gobos in front of these lighting instruments to create patterns.
A gobo is a stencil that is placed in front of a light source to create shapes and patterns with the light emitted.
PAR or Parabolic Reflectors
These are wash fixtures that come in different beam angles. As a result, it’s highly useful for illuminating large spaces on the stage and it gives a lot of coverage. Unlike, ERS this stage lighting instrument usually doesn’t have any sort of zoom or focus options.
Fresnels are lighting instruments that offer a soft and warm light. Also, it has a zoom option. Moreover, it’s useful for creating backlight and top light.
These come in different beam angle ranges like spot, wash, beam, and hybrid. As the name suggests it is highly versatile and creates moving lights and beams.
In addition to all these, the lighting designer needs to have immense knowledge about stage lighting and lighting instruments. This is because there are several other factors that affect the overall result and one of them is ‘Fixture Placement’. In fact, there are various methods to place lighting equipment and each one has its own uses. So, the lighting designer must have enough experimental knowledge of different lighting instruments and the skill to create beauty using them.
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Source credits: pro.harman.com, Wikipedia, www.sweetwater.com, www.vls.com, www.gear4music.com