Music has always been a part of all cultures. Indian music has a great history and has evolved many times to become what it is now. In general, Indian classical music consists of Hindustani music and Carnatic music.
Although both these systems of music are Indian, they have a lot of differences between them.
As you may already know, Hindustani music belongs to the northern parts of the Indian subcontinent. It is also called ‘Sastriya Sangit’ and dates back to the 12th century. The major genres of Hindustani music include Dhrupad, Khyal, and Tarana.
Moreover, Hindustani music gives importance to vocal performance. But, it also makes use of instruments like Sitar, Sarod, Bansuri, Harmonium, Santoor, and others.
Carnatic music belongs to the southern part of the Indian subcontinent. The capital of Tamil Nadu, Chennai is quite famous for Carnatic musicians.
The major instruments that are used in Carnatic music are Tambura, Mridangam, Venu Flute, etc.
Hindustani Vs Carnatic music
There are several differences between Hindustani and Carnatic music.
First, Hindustani music has Persian influences and is more open to improvisation. On the other hand, Carnatic music is quite rigid. This means that it’s almost the same, no matter who’s singing it.
Similarly, there are variations when it comes to instruments too. For example, Hindustani musicians use Tabla while Carnatic musicians prefer Mridangam with their style of music.
Carnatic music is more vocal based while Hindustani music gives equal importance to instruments too.
Hindustani music has 6 ragas while Carnatic music has 72 ragas.
In spite of having some differences, Hindustani and Carnatic music share the same basic musical elements like Swara, Raga, and Tala. Also, both, Hindustani and Carnatic music has religious influences.
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Source credits: The Hindu, www.jagranjosh.com, Wikipedia, www.iasplanner.com, www.insightsonindia.com